Trends and challenges in Indonesia’s aquafeed industry

Trends and challenges in Indonesia’s aquafeed industry

The Covid-19 pandemic experienced a unfavorable effect on Indonesia’s aquaculture field – thanks to the government’s coverage of proscribing the movement of people and the reduction of people’s acquiring electrical power.

Several producers reduced or postponed stocking their ponds due to Covid-19, lowering demand for aquafeed


Freddi Gaol, Minapoli

As a end result of the declining desire for fish, quite a few farmers minimized or postponed stocking fish and shrimp. This instantly reduced the demand from customers for domestic aquafeeds. Based mostly on details from Indonesian Feedmills Association (Gabungan Perusahaan Makanan Ternak/GPMT), the typical growth of domestic aquafeed production in 2017-2019 was 7.4 {aa306df364483ed8c06b6842f2b7c3ab56b70d0f5156cbd2df60de6b4288a84f} – mounting from 1.55 to 1.79 million tonnes. Nonetheless, it then diminished by 8.2 percent in 2020 to 1.64 million tonnes, and is predicted to lower a further 1.6 p.c this calendar year, to 1.62 million tonnes.

Nevertheless, supplied the considerable downward pattern in Covid-19 conditions and the expanding vaccination fee in the community, aquaculture production is predicted to rebound swiftly in the coming months and will ideally be considerably much better in the up coming yr. Whilst aquaculture has been affected by the pandemic, the human will need for protein means that it has fared superior than lots of sectors.

The chairman of GPMT, Deny Mulyono, confirms that the pandemic has been the major problem experiencing the aquafeed marketplace above the very last two many years. Other issues have included the flood that strike the vital milkfish farming location on the north coastline of Java (Pantura) and Kalimantan early in the 12 months, which also lessened the desire for feed. On the other hand, he hopes the industry will start out to get better by the conclusion of this yr, so it can refocus on greater and more time-time period concerns.

Person walking along a pond bank, throwing aquafeed into the water
Indonesia’s aquafeed business is however robust irrespective of pandemic-connected setbacks

In spite of its drop in the final two a long time, the aquafeed field in Indonesia is even now really beautiful for buyers and the government has established targets to boost aquaculture generation – specifically for the shrimp sector, which it aims to raise by 250 {aa306df364483ed8c06b6842f2b7c3ab56b70d0f5156cbd2df60de6b4288a84f} – in conditions of gross sales volumes – by 2024. Mulyono claims that there are already 25 aquafeed corporations that are customers of the GPMT, and there are two or three new investments expected soon. Quite a few existing providers have also launched new solutions and opened new vegetation to raise their generation.

A target on sustainable and traceable option feed components

Mulyono emphasises that the most important obstacle faced by the aquafeed sector today is on the lookout for different raw components, specially to switch fish food as the major source of protein. This brings up further factors these as the varieties of choices, traceability, sustaining a competitive price tag, sustainability and maintaining a constant supply. The marketplace must deliver a much better feed in phrases of eating plan, but even now at an very affordable selling price for farmers.

The feed value is a big problem for finfish farmers, in distinct all those manufacturing freshwater fish. The price tag of fish these types of as catfish, tilapia, pangasius and carp tends to be very low, as opposed to shrimp and mariculture commodities, and feed can account for up to 80 percent of output costs.

In an aquafeed seminar Professor Agus Suprayudi, a nutritionist and researcher from IPB University, when explained that a fantastic feed should not be calculated only in terms of its high-quality, but have to also be very good from a company standpoint for all stakeholders together the offer chain. Superior for feed millers, feed agents and stores, and also very good for farmers in phrases of price and its high-quality.

The traceability and sustainability of uncooked products will have to also be deemed, in unique for shrimp feed, as Indonesia’s shrimp are mostly exported to the US, Europe, and Japan. These marketplaces involve entire traceability – from the farm spot, to the uncooked components of the feed used.

“Aquafeed producers who make feed for species that will be exported are starting up to look at these prospects and make adjustments that are deemed needed,” Mulyono confirms.

A further crucial concern is the origin of different feed components. Suprayudi argues that feed stakeholders ought to use far more domestically-dependent uncooked supplies so that they do not count on imports. Yet, the regional raw resources should be scaled up to an industrial scale.

Person sitting on a barge, throwing aquafeed into a fish pond
Regional feed producers have tried using employing alternate substances to exchange fish meal


Melan Hidayah, Minapoli

Some of regional solutions that have been tried are black soldier fly larvae food, rubber seed (Hevea brasiliensis) meal, and winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus) food. These have been examined on various freshwater fish, such as catfish, tilapia and carp. Suprayudi states the effects had been promising and that all of these raw resources have protein contents ranging from 41.27 – 45.35 p.c and have related necessary amino acid profiles to fish meal.

Collaborations amongst academia, business and govt performs an significant position in making a supportive ecosystem for domestically-based uncooked product innovation. Academics ought to perform research in accordance with field desires.

The Authorities can enable by prioritising which domestically-based uncooked elements must be made, so exploration establishments can aim on them. Patents can act as an incentive for institutions who thrive in developing domestically-based raw products that can be industrialised.

Practical feed will be a new trend

If we examine further more, the growth of alternate substances to substitute fishmeal can be oriented in the direction of two goals. 1 is seeking for uncooked resources to enhance or exchange the protein provided by fish food, the other is on the lookout for raw supplies which include vital amino acids which are exclusively needed by fish and shrimp.

person holding shrimp in their hand
Functional feeds will be the new pattern for Indonesia’s aquaculture sector

© Kurt Sevrin

This matter is the speciality of Romi Novriadi, a researcher and lecturer at the Jakarta Complex University of Fisheries (Politeknik AUP). Novriadi argues that the target for creating fish and shrimp feed in the future could change from guaranteeing the accurate protein articles to optimising the vital amino acid profiles that make up the protein by itself – in other phrases establishing functional feed.

“If we can meet up with the precise vital amino acids, the fish will mature with any protein degree,” Novriadi told TROBOS Aqua a short while ago.

The main market for functional feed is now shrimp farmers who have a fantastic expertise of feed management and are looking for particular nutrition for their particular cultivation programme. No matter if the programme pursues expansion, health, or both equally at after, depends on the requirements of the shrimp. Practical feed has been created to meet up with these particular difficulties.

Independent feed producers

As effectively as the massive feed millers, business people also have opportunities in the aquafeed industry. A number of inventive fish farmers who need to have cheaper feeds for their fish have taken to building their very own feeds, and have fashioned the Indonesian Countrywide Impartial Feed Affiliation (Asosisi Pakan Mandiri Nasional/APMN). Most of them to begin with generate feed for themselves, but if their feed effectiveness is great, they are likely to scale up generation, catering very first for other farmers in their location. There are now 40 customers registered in APMN all through Indonesia.

The chairman of the APMN, Syafruddin Darmawan, who is also a pangasius farmer, promises that in the course of the initial half of this calendar year, APMN’s feed output experienced arrived at 42,700 tonnes. However, he predicts that output in the 2nd quarter will drop, thanks to the restriction of actions immediately after the next wave of Covid-19, which began in early June.

A single of the major troubles for impartial feed gamers is the availability of alternative uncooked products. They also should be on the lookout for area alternate substances – equally animal-centered and plant-centered – to fish meal and soybean food.

“The software of science and engineering in aquafeed formulation has not been greatly utilised, even even though it is pretty basic,” Darmawan states.

He has also inspired the authorities to create a logistics method in just about every cultivation region, in get to enable make certain the availability and continuity of uncooked materials with cost-effective costs for each and every unbiased feed producer.


Minapoli is a major integrated small business-to-small business electronic aquaculture marketplace in Indonesia